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18/10/2010

Oil prices settle higher as stock markets rise

NEW YORK – Oil prices on Monday bounced back above $83 a barrel, as stocks rose on encouraging earnings reports and the dollar weakened against the euro. Benchmark crude for November delivery rose $1.83 to settle at $83.08 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange.

At the pump, gas prices leveled off at a national average of $2.832 for a gallon of regular, down a fraction of a cent from Sunday. After a two-week climb, pump prices are about 10 cents higher than a month ago and nearly 29 cents higher than a year ago. Drivers in California, Alaska and Hawaii pay the most for gas: well over $3 a gallon in most places. The lowest prices are across much of the South, where gas stations charge an average of $2.65 to $2.71 a gallon.

Oil prices got a boost Monday from rising stock prices. The Dow Jones Industrial Average gained about 60 points in late morning trading. Financial shares rose after Citigroup announced better-than-expected earnings. The NASDAQ and the S&P 500 rose as well. A number of major companies report this week, as earnings season begins in earnest. Investors will watch those results for signs of the nation's economic health and the prospects for stronger energy demand.

The dollar weakened after some early gains against the euro and other currencies. Oil, priced in dollars, can become more appealing to foreign buyers as the dollar gets weaker. With the Federal Reserve likely to take action next month to keep the economic recovery going, the dollar is likely to fall again and keep oil prices at or above current levels.

"The fundamentals still do not look strong, but suddenly $80 a barrel looks like it may be becoming a new support level rather than a resistance line," said a report from KBC Energy Economics in London.

The Energy Department's weekly report on crude inventories on Wednesday may affect prices as well. Although supplies are abundant, shrinking inventories could support higher prices. Last week's EIA report showed a decline in inventories, but that did not immediately boost oil prices.

"It is difficult to say, for sure, that those declines did anything to help prices move higher over the longer term," said energy consultants Cameron Hanover. "Crude oil stocks are likely to depend upon crude oil imports, which are extremely low right now. We cannot expect them to remain this low."

Some analysts said last week's decline in crude supplies was due mainly to fewer imports of oil.

The price of natural gas prices continue to fall. The contract settled at $3.431 per 1,000 cubic feet, down 10.4 cents. More mild weather across much of the country won't help drain the bulging supplies on hand. "Weather forecasts continue to provide little support, with normal to above-normal temperatures expected for the remainder of this month and into early next month throughout the eastern half of the country," said Addison Armstrong, senior director of market research at Tradition Energy:

In other Nymex trading, heating oil rose 4.53 cents to settle at $2.2761 a gallon and gasoline gained 4.77 cents to settle at $2.1515 a gallon.

In London, Brent crude added $1.92 to settle at $84.37 a barrel on the ICE futures exchange.

___

Associated Press writers Pablo Gorondi in Budapest, Hungary, and Alex Kennedy in Singapore contributed to this report.

17/10/2010

Blonde or brunette? Celluloid rivals fight it out in Paris

PARIS (AFP) – On a wall-mounted screen, Marilyn Monroe sings a chorus from "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" next to a blown-up picture of Kristin Scott Thomas pulling off a peroxide wig to reveal the dark hair beneath.

"Brunette/Blonde?", which opened this month at the Paris cinematheque, uses film and television archives, photography and art to retrace how generations of movie makers have used women's hair to seduce and shape their times.

Penelope Cruz stares out from underneath a platinum wig, her sultry Latin looks camouflaged for the camera, for the poster of the show.

"Women's hair is a constant motif for all filmmakers, in all films," said curator Alain Bergala, whether curled and glamorous like Veronica Lake, wild and loose like Brigitte Bardot, or cropped and rebellious like Jean Seberg.

Above all, he said, "the 20th century was the century of blonde imperialism" -- and nowhere more so than on the film sets of Hollywood.

Illustrating the point: a pre-war US archive clip of Lana Turner gives women detailed tips on how to achieve the same hairstyle, with short blonde curls wound cherub-like around her head.

In another, Jane Fonda talks on camera about her early experience of the film industry -- how it judged her too dark to be "commercial", so that for 10 years she was forced to dye her hair and lashes blonde.

A kaleidoscope of "Elle" magazine covers shows Catherine Deneuve through the ages, polished, thick locks at shoulder length in the 1960s to frizzy-haired blonde in the 1980s -- each time a model of femininity for her generation.

But even in the movie world, the image of the blonde flickered back and forth between "pure and impure."

Until the 1930s, the blonde was the demure housewife, and the brunette was cast as a temptress. Then the tables turned -- the blonde taking over as femme fatale, an enduring myth that culminated in the figure of Marilyn Monroe.

"At each period, the viewer knows how to tell the good girl from the bad, even if the codes have changed," said Bergala.

Later, the show moves the viewer away from the stereotype of the eternal rivals on to the 1990s and the cinema of David Lynch and his "idea that there is a blonde and a brunette inside every woman," said Bergala.

In Lynch's "Lost Highway", Patricia Arquette plays both sides of a female figure -- dark and blonde. In "Mulholland Drive" the twin heroines, blonde and dark, are caught in a complex play on identity.

The Paris show also aims for a broader historical sweep, looking at the politics of hair throughout the decades.

From the 19th century Suffragettes or 1920s flappers to Jean Seberg's now-classic crop in the 1960s, short hair symbolised women's liberation, while Black Panther activists adopted the afro as a means of protest.

One gem -- a US propaganda film from World War II -- enjoins women to ditch Veronica Lake-style locks for shorter, practical styles better suited to working on factory machines in the war effort.

On a darker note, the show also highlights how the Nordic cult of blondness was adopted by Nazi Germany as a symbol of racial purity, spreading to Josef's Stalin's Soviet Union which celebrated the ideal of the blonde peasant -- and on to the film studios of the United States.

The Western myth excluded blacks, hispanics and ethnic minorities, but the show makes a point of touching on hair's role in other cultures -- from Japan to the Middle East, Africa or India.

"In Indian cinema, when two characters fall in love they cannot be shown kissing, so they convey emotion by showing the woman's hair lifting in the breeze," said the curator.

Bergala commissioned six filmmakers from around the world tproduce short films for the exhibit, including one by Iran's Abbas Kiarostami which closes the visit.

In the film, four-year-old Rebecca stares straight into the camera, all smiles with her chubby pink cheeks, bright green eyes and long chestnut plait.

But when told her lovely locks might have to be snipped off for the purpose of the plot, she falters, chin wavering and little face dropping as she understands the decision facing her.

It takes a few moments but Rebecca's choice is clear: Forget making me a movie star -- I'm keeping my hair.

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10:50 Publié dans Sport | Lien permanent | Commentaires (0) | Tags : sdhc, mal, suede, wissous, zouave

15/10/2010

Experimental drugs may tackle uterine cancer: study

LONDON (Reuters) – A new class of experimental cancer drugs could be a potential alternative to standard chemotherapy for women with advanced endometrial or uterine cancer, scientists said on Wednesday.

Researchers from London's Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) found that drugs known as PARP inhibitors were able to kill off endometrial cancer cells in lab dishes and said their findings should now progress into tests on human patients.

Several large drugmakers, including Abbott, Merck, Pfizer, Sanofi-Aventis and AstraZeneca, are developing PARP inhibitors, which work by blocking DNA repair mechanisms in cancer cells, stalling the cell cycle and leading to cell death.

"There are a few pharmaceutical companies that are in discussions with us at the moment with the idea of testing PARP inhibitors in this context," said Jorge Reis-Filho, who led the study on uterine cancer.

AstraZeneca's experimental PARP drug Olaparib and Sanofi's BSI-201 are the furthest ahead in development, and results of Sanofi's drug in breast cancer showed this week that it helped women with an aggressive form of the disease live an average of almost five months longer.

PARP is short for "poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase," which is used by cancer cells to repair DNA damage. By blocking the enzyme, the drug is designed to undermine the ability of cancer cells to heal themselves.

Reis-Filho's team, whose research was published in the journal Science Translational Medicine, found that the deletion of a gene called PTEN is key to how PARP inhibitors work and said that around 80 percent of cases of a common type of cancer of the uterus have this gene mutation.

"There is a clear relationship between PTEN loss and sensitivity to PARP inhibitors," said Konstantin Dedes of the ICR, who also worked on the study.

"PTEN is like a predictive marker for tumors that benefit from PARP inhibition and given that around 80 percent of these cancers have PTEN gene mutation ... it would be very interesting to test this finding in clinical trials."

According to the U.S. National Cancer Institute (NCI), uterine cancer, which usually occurs after menopause, is the most common type of gynecologic cancer in the United States. This year, it is estimated that more than 43,000 women will be diagnosed with it, and almost 8,000 will die of it.

(Editing by Will Waterman)

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